Going across the Himalayas to stand at the base of Mount Everest is breathtaking. There’s a reason why, from where you stand at 5,354 meters above sea level, Mt. Everest towers over you and is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. Even though we believe almost everyone can enjoy the trek to Everest Base Camp, there are a few techniques to make it more pleasurable and easy. Below are some of our top suggestions for hiking to Everest Base Camp. By following these recommendations, you’ll be able to maximize this once-in-a-lifetime trip while saving time and money.
1. Train yourself for the Trek
The climb up to Everest Base Camp is not difficult. You don’t even need any prior expertise in high elevations or tough climbs to finish the hike. You must be physically fit and extremely strong and have exceptional strength, conditioning, and endurance to be able to complete the walk and enjoy the adventure. If you have not prepared your body to bear the rigors of the constant strain at a high altitude, you will find it very difficult to finish the trek.
It is recommended that you work out hard at least four to five days a week. Spend one to two hours each day, at least four days a week, either using a stair-master or a treadmill to climb hills (the stair-master is preferable).
Around six to eight months before the commencement of your expedition, this should be done. You should also get comfortable carrying a backpack while carrying 10–12 kilograms. It’s better to incorporate this kind of daily workout with a long day in the hills once a week. During your longer session in the hills, you must walk for 4 to 7 hours, going up and down slopes.
2. Trek through Phortse
To reach Everest Base Camp, there are two main treks. The first is the traditional route to Everest Base Camp, which passes through Tengboche. The second route, a small modification, travels from Lukla to Phortse Thanga before rejoining the traditional route to Everest Base Camp.
The climb from Everest Base Camp to Phortse doesn’t require much additional time, but it offers a stunning, less-traveled route. Its stunning nature serves to transport you away from the throngs that can occasionally be found between Namche and Tengboche. Additionally, it exposes stunning scenery.
The Phortse path is preferable on the ascent for the following reasons.
- Given the location of the mountains and the fact that the trail is higher and on the better side of the valley, the views are more magnificent. The trail features lovely stone steps and is more diversified than a dusty cart track (without carts).
- Second, there are lots of surprisingly docile Himalayan tahr, as well as the potential to encounter musk deer.
- Thirdly, there are currently about 90% fewer hikers there than on the Tengboche path.
3. Have the Right Gear
The right tools are essential for your ascent to Everest Base Camp. Your feet are, by far, one of the body parts that require the most care while trekking. Never cut corners on your footwear when you plan to walk for several hours every day for twelve to thirteen continuous days. Before you travel to Nepal, make sure to break in a sturdy, waterproof pair of hiking boots.
Purchase a premium down jacket. Remember that a warm down jacket needs more down to function properly. If you have questions regarding your down coat, be sure to seek the advice of a professional because every brand and model is different. A thick down jacket will be necessary for you to be cozy throughout the journey.
Get a Nalgene-style plastic bottle as well as a water bladder (like a Camelbak). Water consumption is essential in the mountains, and having a bladder will make it simpler for you to obtain the required amount. If you keep stopping to get a bottle from your suitcase, you won’t be drinking enough. You should also include a Nalgene-style bottle for the trip. Using this, you may heat your sleeping bag on chilly nights by adding boiling water to it. You’ll also use the Nalgene bottle while climbing Kala Patthar, where the cold air can cause your bladder to freeze.
4. Stay Hydrated during the Trek
Your best friend at these high heights is water. When you’re at altitude, staying hydrated is essential. Your body loses water far more quickly at altitude. To replenish your fluids, you need therefore drink a lot more water than you would at home. We recommend drinking 4 to 5 liters of fluid each day when at altitude.
Try to drink one liter of water per day before starting your stroll. This will help the process get started early in the day. It will assist if you bring two liters of water with you and consume it before lunch. You’ll be allowed to fill your bladder up with an additional two liters at lunch. Although many people find it challenging, five liters of water each day are necessary to survive in the highlands.
5. Don’t be Afraid of a Little Headache
A lot of folks could find it difficult to rise to height. At some time throughout the trip, you will almost surely get some sort of headache. Understanding how to manage these headaches is essential to avoid them worsening or ruining your trip. Drink plenty of water while you’re in the mountains. Drinking water can considerably lessen or even eliminate headaches because dehydration is one of the main causes of headaches in the mountains.
Ibuprofen is another remedy for the excruciating headache brought on by high altitude. The anti-inflammatory medication that has been demonstrated to work best at altitude is ibuprofen. Pressure and edema, the primary headache-causing factors, are reduced. There is no need to worry about these headaches because they are very normal at high altitudes. However, if your headaches become extremely severe and are accompanied by another altitude sickness symptom, you may need to descend to lower heights.
6. Bring books, games like playing cards, and snacks
All you’ll want to do is settle back and unwind at the tea houses after a strenuous day of hiking. If you’re used to using technology as your main form of entertainment, you’re likely to be frustrated because the internet is slow (and expensive), and batteries drain quickly in the cold. Instead, be sure to include some playing cards and a decent book. To pass the time before night, review your favorite card games.
On the summit, there are plenty of foods available, but they are frequently expensive. You’ll likely be yearning for some of your favorite foods after a strenuous day of hiking. You can guarantee you’ll have the snack you want at a fair price by packing your own.
7. Keeping a Slow and Steady Pace
The speed at which you walk when traveling is crucial. Your goal is to get from point A to point B with the least amount of work possible when climbing to a high height. As a result, while walking, you should keep a slow and steady pace. It will be essential to keep your heart rate in a healthy range throughout the walk. You don’t want to use up any of your available energy if you don’t have to. By inhaling through your nose and exhaling through your mouth, you can control your breathing. You must understand this in order to complete your task properly and safely.
8. Protect Yourself from the Sun
The levels of UV protection you receive decrease as you ascend in altitude. The sun can be harsh on some days while you’re hiking and expose you to solar radiation. Avoiding the sun’s rays not only helps you look younger and prevents skin cancer, but it can also increase your likelihood of finishing the walk. You lose fluids when you get sunburn. Dehydration at altitude is one of the main causes of people failing to succeed in the mountains, as we have already stated. Of course, there may not be any protection from those powerful rays when you are out for a walk throughout the day, but try to minimize those unpleasant emissions as much as you can.
It’s crucial to use factor 50 sunscreen and reapply it throughout the day! The mountains are not the place to top off the tan you hope to bring back from your vacation! A sun hat, long pants, and sleeves will also assist you to shield your skin from the sun. Purchase a thin, wide-brimmed sun hat to wear on sunny days, and you will prevent some of the dreadful headaches you are so determined to avoid.
9. Be prepared for any unforeseen weather changes
You might be shocked by how warm it can become during the day if it’s sunny. For the first few days, when the elevation is still low, the majority of trekkers dress in t-shirts and shorts. But as soon as the sun sets, the temperature swiftly drops. Wear thermal underwear and a warm hat while you sleep, and bring a Nalgene bottle of hot water to put in your sleeping bag to stay warm. Keep a poncho in your daypack even if it appears to be a sunny day. On the mountain, the weather can abruptly shift.
10. Enjoy the trek
The most important thing to remember is that this is an experience of a lifetime! Relax, have an open mind, and enjoy yourself! There is always a tonne of free time when doing a hiking trip, such as to the Everest Base Camp. Except for a few longer days, you walk an average of 4-6 hours per day, giving you plenty of opportunities to opportunities, and socialize with other trekkers once you reach the tea houses. It’s important to have these experiences along the way because they keep you relaxed and upbeat rather than tense and fearful.
When traveling to Nepal, you should also keep in mind that you will be stepping into a different atmosphere than you may be accustomed to. There’s a chance that things won’t be done the way you’re accustomed to at home. This is not to say that things are done improperly there; they are simply different. Keep an open mind at all times and be aware that there will be cultural differences encountered. These are some pieces of advice that can make your trek unique!